Precious Tips To Help You Prepare A Better Thesis

Precious Tips To Help You Prepare A Better Thesis

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In fact, Congratulations. Unquestionably, you made it. Finally, you are in the 5th year of Pharm D. A year where you will be conducting a study and documenting the thesis. So, a declaration of thesis specifies what you believe, and what you hope to prove. Furthermore, a strong statement of thesis distinguishes between a careful research project and a simplistic retelling of truth. Moreover, a strong, preliminary thesis helps you concentrate your knowledge quest. But don’t hurry! Before you know enough about a topic you have to do a lot of background reading to recognize main or important questions. Until you have reviewed the facts, you may not know how you stand on a matter. You’ll typically start your research with a working, provisional or tentative thesis that you’ll continue to refine until you’re sure where the evidence leads. So, the elements included in a thesis are as follows:

MAIN PAGE

In general, the main page of the thesis consists of the title of the study, the names of the persons conducting the research, the name of the person under whose guidance the thesis is done. As well as the Name of the college in which the persons conducting the research are studying.

CERTIFICATES

On the whole, there must be 2 certificates with the letterhead of the college approving the study. So, The first certificate should be signed by the Guide and the second certificate should be signed by the Principal of the college where the persons conducting the research are studying.

DECLARATION PAGE

This, in particular, is a declaration to be given by the persons conducting the thesis

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

On the whole, it involves all the credits and other details give to the persons who helped the researchers in conducting the study.

ABSTRACT

This is, in short, the whole part of an article. So, It is a summary of the entire thesis. Moreover, this involves Background, Objective, Methodology, Results, Conclusion and Keywords.

CONTENTS

This involves all the details of the contents of the thesis along with the page numbers.

LIST OF TABLES

It contains all the tables in the Thesis along with the page numbers

LIST OF FIGURES

It contains all the pictures and figures in the Thesis along with the page numbers

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

So, it contains all the abbreviations in the Thesis.

INTRODUCTION

Undoubtedly, this contains all the details of the topic on which the study is conducted. It is an important part of the thesis because it involves all the factors like:

  • Epidemiology
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Types
  • Pathophysiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Clinical Manifestations
  • Diagnosis
  • Prevention
  • Treatment.

Treatment furthermore involves Non-Pharmacological Treatment, Pharmacological Treatment as well as Surgical Treatment.

Also Read: Publishing an Article in a Journal

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REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Unquestionably, this is the second part of the thesis. So, it is done on the journal articles which we are taking into account for our study. Additionally, it involves elements like Title, Authors, Abstract and Keywords. Furthermore, there must be a minimum of 20 Review of Literature for a study.

AIMS & OBJECTIVES

To conclude, the third part of the study is the Aims & Objectives. So, it involves the Objectives which we are going to accomplish by the study. Additionally, it involves a Primary Objective which deals with the main objective of our study. The Secondary Objective involves the part which you are additionally going to achieve.

METHODOLOGY

This, in particular, is the fourth part of the thesis. Indeed, it deals with the materials and methods by which we are going to conduct the research. So, it involves factors like:

  • Study Design
  • Source of Data & Materials
  • Inclusion Criteria
  • Exclusion Criteria
  • Method of Data Collection
  • Study Procedure
  • Duration of the study
  • Place of Study
  • Plan of Work

RESULTS

On the whole, this the foremost important part of the Thesis and It involves all the criteria which are being dealt with in the study. Different studies involve different criteria but the most common criteria of every study are as follows:

DISCUSSION

This involves the discussion of the entire thesis. It must be done by all the members conducting on the thesis. It is done by comparing all the details of the results of this thesis by the journal articles included in the review of the literature.

CONCLUSION

This is the final part of the thesis and involves should involve the points what the research conductors want to conclude. A brief part of the thesis should be included in the Abstract too.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

This includes all the references from where the points for the study are taken. Many of the institutes use Vancouver Style Referencing. In addition to this, there are many other referencing methods but Vancouver Style is the predominant one.

So, to know how Vancouver Style referencing is done, Click here.

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ANNEXURES

In general, it involves all the resources by which the study is conducted. So, Different resources are needed for different studies. But the most common resources used in a thesis are as follows:

  • Patient Consent Form
  • Case Sheet
  • Questionnaire
  • Leaflets

Click Here, to know how, in fact, a Case Sheet must be designed for a study

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Understanding About Publishing an Article For Journal

Understanding About Publishing an Article For Journal

On the whole, many students think publishing an article is a hectic job. But to be honest, it is not as difficult as it seems. For instance, as I have published 3 articles, I have an accurate idea of how an article is made and published. So, to prepare an article, modern advancements in the field of Medicine and Pharmacy is necessary. Moreover, reputed journals publish these articles.

So, the three articles I have published are as follows:

  1. A Case report on Subdural Hematoma
  2. A Case report on Tuberculous Meningitis
  3. Nephrolithiasis: An update on current concepts

Before you prepare an article, select the topic on which you want to prepare an article for.

TYPES OF ARTICLE

In general. there are 3 types of article.

  • Review Articles
  • Research Articles
  • Case Report Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

In particular, a Review article involves the review of any kind of a topic. So, To do a review, we select the current advancements in the field of medicine and pharmacy.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

This involves research on any kind of a topic. So, research is done as per the current advancements in the field of medicine and pharmacy.

CASE REPORT ARTICLE

A Case Report involves the study on any kind of a topic of a disease or disorder in the cases in a hospital. So, Case Report is done as per the current diseases which are found in a hospital.

ABSTRACT

This is, in short, the whole part of an article. In short, it is a summary of the entire thesis. So, this involves Background, Objective, Methodology, Results, Conclusion and Keywords.

INTRODUCTION

This contains all the details of the topic on which the study is conducted. It is an important part of the thesis because it involves all the factors like:

  • Epidemiology
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Types
  • Pathophysiology
  • Risk Factors
  • Clinical Manifestations
  • Diagnosis
  • Prevention
  • Treatment.

Treatment furthermore involves Non-Pharmacological Treatment, Pharmacological Treatment as well as Surgical Treatment.

DISCUSSION

In particular, this involves the discussion of the entire thesis. For instance, it must be done by all the members conducting on the thesis. So, by comparing all the details of the results of this thesis by the journal articles which includes in the review of the literature.

CONCLUSION

This is the final part of the thesis and involves should involve the points what the research conductors want to conclude. It must also include, a brief part of the thesis in the Abstract too.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

This includes in particular, all the references from where we take the points for the study. Furthermore, many of the institutes use Vancouver Style Referencing. In addition to this, there are many other referencing methods but Vancouver Style is the predominant one.

Click here, To know in particular, how to do Vancouver Style Referencing.

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Vancouver Styles Referencing: The Rules you must follow

Vancouver Styles Referencing: The Rules you must follow

Undoubtedly, you made an outstanding Article or a Thesis to publish in a journal. But you don’t know how referencing is done. Moreover, the Vancouver styles referencing method is primarily used in the field of medicine. Before writing your reference list, consult with your instructor or teacher for the School’s chosen bibliographic style. As a result, the style recommended by the School can differ.

WHAT IS VANCOUVER STYLES REFERENCING?

In short, referencing is a standardized way to recognize the sources of information and ideas you have used in your assignments and to identify the sources. When you’re referring it is important to be consistent.

WHY VANCOUVER STYLES REFERENCING?

Referencing is indeed necessary to prevent plagiarism, to check quotes and to encourage readers to follow up on what you have written and to understand more thoroughly the work of the cited author.

STEPS IN VANCOUVER STYLES REFERENCING

  • Record all the bibliographic details and corresponding page numbers in particular of the source from which information is taken.
  • Punctuation marks and spaces are also important in the reference list and quotations. In addition, exactly monitor the punctuation and the spacing.
  • Moreover, place the citation in the text of your paper at the correct location.
  • Include a list of references at the end of your document furthermore includes all quotations in the text

IN-TEXT CITATIONS OF VANCOUVER STYLES REFERENCING

  • So, a citation is an acknowledgement in your text of references that support your work. So, It is in the form of a number that correlates with a source in your reference list
  • Particularly, identifying references within the essay/paper text can differ depending on the journal’s preferred style, or the department or lecturer’s preferred style. Superscript, for example, maybe preferred for referencing.
  • Moreover, each reference is assigned a number by the Vancouver system as cited.
  • So, The original number assigned to the reference is reused each time the reference is cited in the text.
  • Use a hyphen to join the first and last numbers which are inclusive when multiple references are cited at a given place in the text.
  • On the whole, the location of the citation numbers in the text should be carefully considered. As a general rule, reference numbers should be placed outside full stops and commas, and inside colons and semicolons, but this may vary depending on a particular journal ‘s requirements.
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HOW TO CREATE A REFERENCE LIST BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • In particular, a list of references includes only descriptions of certain works referenced in the document ‘s text. So, these descriptions have to contain sufficient information to allow anyone to find and review your references.
  • Consequently, a bibliography is a separate list from the reference list and should be organized in Vancouver style by author or title alphabetically.
  • A bibliography lists sources which are not mentioned in the text but which are relevant to the subject and have been used for reading background.
  • In fact, at the end of your essay/report, a reference list should appear with the numerically listed entries and in the same order that they were cited in the text.
  • So, sources quoted from the Internet should appear in your list of references

ELEMENTS OF CITATIONS IN VANCOUVER STYLES REFERENCING

BOOKS

Books; Vancouver Styles

Author(s) – Family name and initials, Multiple authors separated by a comma. Title of the book. Edition of book if later than 1st ed. Place of Publication: Publisher Name; Year of Publication.

JOURNAL ARTICLES

Journals

Author(s) – Family name and initials. Title of the article. Title of journal – abbreviated Publication year, month, day (month & day only if available); volume(issue):pages

CONFERENCE PAPERS

Conference Papers

Author(s) of paper – Family name and initials. Title of paper. In: Editor(s) Family name and initials, editor(s). Title of the conference; Date of the conference; Place of the conference. Place of publication: Publisher’s name; Year of publication. p. Page numbers

NEWSPAPER & MAGAZINE ARTICLES

Newspapers; Vancouver Styles

Author(s) – family name and initials. Article title. Newspaper title (edition of paper eg. Weekend edition). Date of publication – year month (3 letter abbreviation) day: Sect. Location eg. A:12 or Business 5 (5 is the page number) column number is applicable eg. col. 1) (Sect = Section)

REPORTS & OTHER GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS


Author(s). Title of report. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication – year month if applicable. The total number of pages if applicable eg. 24 p. Report No.: (if applicable)

THESIS

Printed Thesis

Author. Thesis title [type of thesis]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year.

Online Thesis

Author. Thesis title [type of thesis on the internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year [cited date – year month day]. Available from: Name of database/web address

WEBPAGES

Webpages Vancouver Styles

Author. Title of publication [type of medium – Internet]. Place of publication (if available): Publisher (if available); Date of publication – year month day (supply year if month and day not available) [updated year month day; cited year month day]. Available from: web address.

PAMPHLETS

Author. Title of brochure/pamphlet [pamphlet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication.

PACKAGE INSERTS

Name of Medicine [package insert]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication

LECTURE NOTES

                                   

Lecturer. Title of Lecture [unpublished lecture notes]. Course code: course name, Institution where delivered; lecture was given – date lecture given.

VIDEO/DVD

Author/Producer (producer/director). Title [Type of Medium]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Publication Year. Extent (eg. 1 DVD): physical description – duration, sound, colour, size.

FILM OR BROADCAST

Interview

Producer, Director. Title [type of medium]. Series title. Place of Publication: Distributor; Date released

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