WHAT IS LEADERSHIP?
Without a doubt, Leadership is the art of motivating a group of individuals to act toward a common goal. Moreover, management is a social discipline concerned with the actions of the people and the institutions of a human. According to the Next Generation, Leadership is about inspiring and management is about planning. The most dynamic element of any company is the manager. As a result, without him, the resources of production remain resources without output.
So, Public health is a vital community medicine speciality which integrates an individual’s concepts of public health. With this in mind, leadership in public health with the opportunity to influence and inspire people leads to the Community ‘s progress. For example, teen pregnancy is a major social health issue which for generations has a potential impact on families. Teen pregnancy rates have decreased over time even in some parts of the world, such as the developed nations.
So, to tackle and resolve a health issue, good management and leadership skill is necessary. In short, public health workforce leadership and management skills help to lower morbidity and mortality. Similarly, collecting more details to help strategize public health policy. Furthermore, in this study, various behavioural perspectives will discuss the relevance of management and leadership theory. As well as, its application to teen pregnancy in public health.
ROLES OF LEADERSHIP?
Leadership plays an important part in bringing about change in every healthcare organization. Evaluating service delivery, service efficiency and resource utilization. Public health in Teen Pregnancy is about protecting and strengthening communities through the prevention, care, and policy advancement of injury or disease. There are two key aspects a health-care organization wants to achieve:
- To enhance the health condition of the population
- To provide the healthcare services to the community
Following this, health care leaders must understand the nature of their work organization and should behave in an organized manner. They must work by establishing harmony in a working relationship with nurses, administrators, physicians, and other members of the organization. To produce better performance outcomes, health care leaders need to inspire them. Few issues emerge that need to be resolved by medical leaders for an institute’s overall success. For example, the best way to communicate with subordinates, money and morality benefits. For better workers results, Medical leaders need to consider these issues. It is the responsibility of the state to look at these issues before changing the healthcare systems. The subjects include:
- who pays how much for the treatment
- who gets the service
- and for the essence of work duty who gets pay?
Applying a systemic approach helps the leadership of public health handle access to services in the most productive way. It is important that the essential public health services assist them for the health systems. As per the Centre for Disease Control’s data, a total of 194,377 babies were born by the women aged between 15-19 years in the developing nations in 2017. The young girls who live under foster care. For example, are more likely to become pregnant compared with those who are not under foster care.
WHAT ARE LEADERSHIP STYLES?
Leadership style differs in different environments. For example, an administrator may see himself as a distinct leader from another administrator. A leader must have potential characteristics in contrast to his followers. This idea focuses on a leader’s personality characteristics and values. The attributes defined by this theory include endurance, physical strength, knowing followers needs, abilities in communicating with people, the quench of achieving goals, eager to learn his duty, job skills, ability to inspire followers, bravery, self-confidence, and decision-making capacity. Healthcare leadership aims at influencing practitioners towards achieving the shared goal of quality patient care. So, leaders with such traits are able to convince young girls to avoid pregnancies. Through knowing the girls desires the leader will provide them with their preferred facilities to exercise their choices.
Associated with the leadership of transformation are four behaviours. It comprises idealized influenced, motivation, intellectual stimulation and individual consideration described as follows:
- Idealized influence is the high ethical and moral conduct of the leader
- Motivation is the leader’s drive to embody the clear vision and find the desired ideals with the potential to affect others
- Intellectual stimulation is a transformational leader’s activities questioning the standards and inspiring followers to be creative and think critically
- Individual consideration is the leader’s actions in considering his followers’ needs in creating a particular development plan for them.
Undoubtedly, transformation leaders seek to accomplish greater goals within an organization by encouraging other community members to express their dream for the organization. Considering the teen pregnancy issue, the leader needs to be transparent and have a strong willingness to support social change by raising awareness about the effects of teen pregnancies. They can centrally synchronize the reproductive health program aimed at teenagers in order to provide them with a systematic framework on the teachings of sex in schools. There are various NGO’s working for the cause. Transformation leaders are motivating and raising their follower’s morality and helping them reach their fullest potential. Cited as the leaders of transformation are Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and Nelson Mandela.
Management and leadership are two distinct fields and the areas of practice are often different. Management roles can contribute to leadership, while leadership activities may provide guidance. Similarly, managers and leaders productive role in different circumstances. The different types of management practices represent successful leadership. Besides, followers are less likely to rely on leadership because they share a socially-based relationship, so management can act as a bridge between leaders and followers. Thus, a leader designs a programme and address the teen pregnancy issue.
Stanfield says factors like moral values and honesty play a role in successful leadership. The concept of distributed leadership revealed by Jones states that there is no need to be called a leader to the formal position of the management authority. Management plans to manage the workforce have already been examined, while leadership intends to influence the workforce or the followers through motivation, charisma and intellectual stimulus. As in the case of teenage pregnancy, management and leadership should function concurrently in such a way that direction can be presented to the supreme leaders and then the best-suited managers have to execute.
WHAT IS COMPETENCE?
In the sense of health management and leadership skills, the word competence was used for health and leadership literature review. Competency is the skill, expertise and behaviours by which health leaders need to perform their roles effectively meaning that the capacity is correlated with the training and development strategies for efficient results. Knowledge demonstrates the understanding of the concepts, principles and guidelines needed to perform any task efficiently. At the other hand, to achieve a result, competence is to have the capacity and capabilities to perform any cognitive function. Training in this silo of public health professionals are convenient but also dangerous.
A wide-ranging critique made from overlooking the needs of each manager in line with the dominant leadership position. Identifying the core competencies is mandatory, as it helps to achieve the desired goal. Besides, Competence is the ability to consistently produce behavioural outcomes required to achieve organizational goals effectively. So, a professional health manager and leader have his talents, abilities and experience that help him to handle or lead most efficiently.
So, one says that integrity and a leader and manager’s integrity are the prerequisites for achieving the desired goals, which in this case of the study is raising knowledge among people about the implications of teen pregnancies. It would be difficult to provide services to the medical sector without a constant flow of events, which requires a public health officer to decide to have strong communication skills that allow efficient transmission of information from one section to another.
Competence refers to the process which allows individuals, particularly leaders and managers, to express the competencies required to complete the task. On the other hand, Power is correlated with the power or capacity to retain the requisite skills at the optimal level of performing a job. To sum up, it has been found that the atmosphere at healthcare organizations is dynamic that the skilled and knowledgeable leaders and administrators are in desperate need of handling the social health issues. Competent leaders have the ability, skills and knowledge to handle a given situation in the best possible efficient way. A good leader in public health will imitate strong consulting skills. It is a crucial dimension, which needs tremendous attention.
There are other characteristics, such as physical stamina, knowing follower’s needs, ability to communicate with others, the quench of achieving goals, anxious to know their duties, job skills, ability to inspire their followers, bravery, self-confidence, and willingness to make decisions that make them successful leaders in various circumstances. A leader and manager must possess these characteristics that are the core competencies. Managers and leaders face various circumstances in the workplace that allow leadership to shape their personality according to the situation.
This sector is a difficult one to deal with leaders, it should welcome each other and work together. Since communication is a two-way flow, strong listening skills should be built. Leaders should strive to be good listeners as much as possible. Therefore, saving on other unnecessary costs through the introduction of new ways must be implemented. Thus, Management and leadership should go hand in hand. While leaders are individuals who are others follow and managers are the ones who others obey.