4.3 Clinical Pharmacy

1. Definitions, Development and Scope of Clinical Pharmacy

2. Introduction to Daily Activities of a Clinical Pharmacist

a. Drug Therapy Monitoring

i. Medication Chart Review

ii. Clinical Review

iii. Pharmacist Interventions

b. Ward Round Participation

c. Adverse Drug Reaction Management

d. Drug Information and Poisons Information

e. Medication History

f. Patient Counselling

g. Drug Utilisation Evaluation (DUE)

h. Drug Utilization Review (DUR)

i. Quality Assurance of Clinical Pharmacy Services

3. Patient Data Analysis

The Patient’s Case History, its Structure and use in Evaluation of Drug Therapy & Understanding common Medical abbreviations and terminologies used in Clinical Practices

4. Clinical Laboratory Tests used in the Evaluation of Disease States and Interpretation of Test Results

a. Haematological Tests

b. Liver Function Tests

c. Renal Function Tests

d. Thyroid Function Tests

e. Tests associated with Cardiac Disorders

f. Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

g. Microbiological Culture Sensitivity Tests

h. Pulmonary Function Tests

5. Drug & Poison Information

a. Introduction to Drug Information Resources available

b. Systematic approach in answering DI Queries

c. Critical Evaluation of Drug Information and Literature

d. Preparation of Written and Verbal Reports

e. Establishing a Drug Information Centre

f. Poisons Information-Organization & Information Resources

6. Pharmacovigilance

a. Scope, Definition and Aims of Pharmacovigilance

b. Adverse Drug Reactions

i. Classification

ii. Mechanism

iii. Predisposing Factors

iv. Causality Assessment (Different Scales used)

c. Reporting, Evaluation, Monitoring, Preventing & Management of ADR’s

d. Role of Pharmacist in Management of ADR

7. Communication Skills

i. Patient Counselling Techniques

ii. Medication History Interview

iii. Presentation of Cases

8. Pharmaceutical Care Concepts

9. Critical Evaluation of Biomedical Literature

10. Medication Errors