In general, Kidney Stones are a strong accumulation of crystals produced in the urine by the dietary minerals in the kidneys. This is indeed caused by a disruption in the association between the solubility and precipitation of kidney and urinary tract salts. In addition, the stones of the kidneys are solid deposits of minerals and salts formed in the kidneys and can have many reasons to affect every component of the urinary tract from the kidneys to the blood. It is also known as Nephrolithiasis or Renal Calculi or Renal Stones.

WHAT ARE KIDNEY STONES?

In short, a kidney stone is a hard, crystalline substance formed in the kidney or urinary tract.

WHAT CAUSES KIDNEY STONES?

  • Such as, not drinking adequate amounts of water
  • Accumulation of dissolved minerals in the kidney
  • Calcification in kidneys or urethra
  • Decreased urine output
  • Dietary as well as hereditary factors
  • Medication as well as supplements

DO GRIT/SAND PARTICLES CAUSE KIDNEY STONES IF EATEN OR SWALLOWED?

Without a doubt, No. You would not get a kidney stone correspondingly, if you have swallowed a bit of grit or sand. In fact, the only way into your kidneys is through the blood supply. No sand can get into your blood even if you eat it on purpose

HOW BIG ARE KIDNEY STONES?

To conclude, kidney stones can be as small as a grain of sand or can grow to over one inch in diameter.

ARE KIDNEY STONES INHERITED?

Indeed, Yes, If others in your family have had them, you may be more prone to having them, too.

HOW CAN I AVOID DEVELOPING KIDNEY STONES?

So, The most common cause of stones is insufficient daily water intake. Moreover, you should drink enough water to keep your urine clear—about 8 to 10 glasses a day.

IS DIET A FACTOR IN THE FORMATION OF KIDNEY STONES?

Yes, indeed, high levels of sodium, calcium, protein, vitamins C and D, as well as oxalate-rich foods can increase your chances of developing stones.

SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF KIDNEY STONES?

  • Pain in abdomen/back
  • Blood in urine
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Urinary Urgency
  • Weakness
  • Burning Sensation
  • Weakness

RESTRICTED FOODS FOR PATIENTS WITH NEPHROLITHIASIS

SALT

In fact, high salt intake increases urinary calcium and decreases urinary citrate which is associated with increased stone risk. So, avoid junk foods or restaurants as it contains a large quantity of salt

Ex: Junk food, Pickles etc

HIGH OXALATE FOODS

Excess Oxalate in particular, increases the risk of urinary stone formation.

Ex: Spinach, Chocolate, Cocoa, Tea, Coffee, Cashew Nuts, Beets, Nuts, Soybean, Tomato, Sweet Potato, Figs etc

ANIMAL PROTEINS

The food rich in animal protein increases urinary calcium, phosphate, uric acid as well as oxalate excretion which is associated with increased stone risk.

Ex: Chicken, Fish, Mutton

EXCESS SUGAR SWEETENED DRINKS

To conclude, cola and other flavoured juices available in the market.

RECOMMENDED FOODS FOR PATIENTS WITH NEPHROLITHIASIS

FLUIDS

Drink plenty of water (at least 10-12 glasses a day) Additionally, Lemon and Orange juice may be helpful as it provides a high amount of citric acid which is an inhibitor of stone formation.

Ex: Water, Lemon juice, Orange Juice, Coconut Water etc

FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

Fruits & Vegetables provide magnesium, potassium, fiber, citric acid that is associated with reduced stone risk.

Ex: Banana, Watermelon, Mango, Cauliflower, Onion, Radish, Basil, Cucumber etc

DIETARY CALCIUM

For instance, make sure your diet contains a sufficient amount of calcium (about 1000 mg a day). So, Dietary calcium restriction is no longer needed as calcium restriction increases the risk of stone formation

Ex: Milk, Buttermilk, Cheese, Yoghurt

LOW OXALATE FOODS

Oxalate, in particular, increases the risk of stone formation

Ex: Peeled Apple, Egg, Barley, Honey

COMPLICATIONS

Kidney Stones
  • Recurring kidney stones in particular
  • Due to an Obstruction/Blockage in the urinary tract
  • Due to a Urinary Tract Infection
  • Furthermore, Kidney Failure

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Drink adequate amounts of water (at least 8-10 glasses a day)
  • Limit sodium/salt intake to 1 teaspoon a day, in particular
  • Consume less oxalate as well as protein-rich foods
  • In particular, Drink fruit juices
  • Additionally, maintain Healthy body Weight
  • Moreover, consult with a doctor on supplements

So, to know more about Kidney Stones, You can refer this article