Undoubtedly, you made an outstanding Article or a Thesis to publish in a journal. But you don’t know how referencing is done. Moreover, the Vancouver styles referencing method is primarily used in the field of medicine. Before writing your reference list, consult with your instructor or teacher for the School’s chosen bibliographic style. As a result, the style recommended by the School can differ.

WHAT IS VANCOUVER STYLES REFERENCING?

In short, referencing is a standardized way to recognize the sources of information and ideas you have used in your assignments and to identify the sources. When you’re referring it is important to be consistent.

WHY VANCOUVER STYLES REFERENCING?

Referencing is indeed necessary to prevent plagiarism, to check quotes and to encourage readers to follow up on what you have written and to understand more thoroughly the work of the cited author.

STEPS IN VANCOUVER STYLES REFERENCING

  • Record all the bibliographic details and corresponding page numbers in particular of the source from which information is taken.
  • Punctuation marks and spaces are also important in the reference list and quotations. In addition, exactly monitor the punctuation and the spacing.
  • Moreover, place the citation in the text of your paper at the correct location.
  • Include a list of references at the end of your document furthermore includes all quotations in the text

IN-TEXT CITATIONS OF VANCOUVER STYLES REFERENCING

  • So, a citation is an acknowledgement in your text of references that support your work. So, It is in the form of a number that correlates with a source in your reference list
  • Particularly, identifying references within the essay/paper text can differ depending on the journal’s preferred style, or the department or lecturer’s preferred style. Superscript, for example, maybe preferred for referencing.
  • Moreover, each reference is assigned a number by the Vancouver system as cited.
  • So, The original number assigned to the reference is reused each time the reference is cited in the text.
  • Use a hyphen to join the first and last numbers which are inclusive when multiple references are cited at a given place in the text.
  • On the whole, the location of the citation numbers in the text should be carefully considered. As a general rule, reference numbers should be placed outside full stops and commas, and inside colons and semicolons, but this may vary depending on a particular journal ‘s requirements.

HOW TO CREATE A REFERENCE LIST BIBLIOGRAPHY

  • In particular, a list of references includes only descriptions of certain works referenced in the document ‘s text. So, these descriptions have to contain sufficient information to allow anyone to find and review your references.
  • Consequently, a bibliography is a separate list from the reference list and should be organized in Vancouver style by author or title alphabetically.
  • A bibliography lists sources which are not mentioned in the text but which are relevant to the subject and have been used for reading background.
  • In fact, at the end of your essay/report, a reference list should appear with the numerically listed entries and in the same order that they were cited in the text.
  • So, sources quoted from the Internet should appear in your list of references

ELEMENTS OF CITATIONS IN VANCOUVER STYLES REFERENCING

BOOKS

Books; Vancouver Styles

Author(s) – Family name and initials, Multiple authors separated by a comma. Title of the book. Edition of book if later than 1st ed. Place of Publication: Publisher Name; Year of Publication.

JOURNAL ARTICLES

Journals

Author(s) – Family name and initials. Title of the article. Title of journal – abbreviated Publication year, month, day (month & day only if available); volume(issue):pages

CONFERENCE PAPERS

Conference Papers

Author(s) of paper – Family name and initials. Title of paper. In: Editor(s) Family name and initials, editor(s). Title of the conference; Date of the conference; Place of the conference. Place of publication: Publisher’s name; Year of publication. p. Page numbers

NEWSPAPER & MAGAZINE ARTICLES

Newspapers; Vancouver Styles

Author(s) – family name and initials. Article title. Newspaper title (edition of paper eg. Weekend edition). Date of publication – year month (3 letter abbreviation) day: Sect. Location eg. A:12 or Business 5 (5 is the page number) column number is applicable eg. col. 1) (Sect = Section)

REPORTS & OTHER GOVERNMENT PUBLICATIONS

Author(s). Title of report. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication – year month if applicable. The total number of pages if applicable eg. 24 p. Report No.: (if applicable)

THESIS

Printed Thesis

Author. Thesis title [type of thesis]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year.

Online Thesis

Author. Thesis title [type of thesis on the internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year [cited date – year month day]. Available from: Name of database/web address

WEBPAGES

Webpages Vancouver Styles

Author. Title of publication [type of medium – Internet]. Place of publication (if available): Publisher (if available); Date of publication – year month day (supply year if month and day not available) [updated year month day; cited year month day]. Available from: web address.

PAMPHLETS

Author. Title of brochure/pamphlet [pamphlet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication.

PACKAGE INSERTS

Name of Medicine [package insert]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication

LECTURE NOTES

Lecturer. Title of Lecture [unpublished lecture notes]. Course code: course name, Institution where delivered; lecture was given – date lecture given.

VIDEO/DVD

Author/Producer (producer/director). Title [Type of Medium]. Place of Publication: Publisher; Publication Year. Extent (eg. 1 DVD): physical description – duration, sound, colour, size.

FILM OR BROADCAST

Producer, Director. Title [type of medium]. Series title. Place of Publication: Distributor; Date released

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